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Ahmed Ghoniem

Contact Info

room 3-344

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

77 Massachusetts Avenue

Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139


  • 1973


  • 1975


  • 1980



Research Interests

  • Computational methods in fluid-thermal sciences with focus on multiscale methods for turbulent combustion, transport and phase change in supercritical fluids, fluidization and dense multiphase flows
  • Fundamentals of combustion and thermochemistry in the gas phase and coupling with surface reactions
  • Clean combustion dynamics and active control on noise and instability
  • Energy conversion with focus on CO2 capture technologies such as gasification, oxy-combustion, membrane supported oxygen generation and chemical looping for syngas production, water splitting and CO2 reduction, high temperature fuel cells and renewable fuels production via thermochemical routes


Ahmed Ghoniem the Ronald C. Crane Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Director of the Center for Energy and Propulsion Research and the Reacting Gas Dynamics Laboratory at MIT. He received his B.Sc. and M.Sc. degree from Cairo University, and Ph.D. at the University of California, Berkeley. His research covers computational engineering with application to turbulence and combustion, multiphase flow and multiscale phenomena, clean energy technologies with focus on CO2 capture, renewable energy and alternative fuels. His research has made fundamental contributions to multiscale simulations, thermochemistry, combustion dynamics, energy systems and materials chemistry. He supervised more than 100 M.Sc., Ph.D. and post-doctoral students, many are leaders in academia, industry and governments; published more than 500 refereed articles in leading journals and conferences; lectured extensively around the World; and consulted for the aerospace, automotive and energy industry. He is fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineer (ASME), the American institute of Physics (APS), the Combustion Institute (CI), and associate fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA). He received several prestigious awards including the ASME James Harry Potter Award in Thermodynamics, the AIAA Propellant and Combustion Award, the KAUST Investigator Award and the Committed to “Committed to Caring Professor” at MIT. 

Online Data

Research Gate: ( 

Honors + Awards

  • 2018, Fellow, The Combustion Institute
  • 2016, Fellow, American Physical Society
  • 2016, AIAA Propellent and Combustion Award
  • 2015, ASME James Harry Pottor Gold Medal
  • 2008-2013, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Investigator
  • 2006, Robert C. Crane (1972) Professor
  • 1999, Fellow, American Society of Mechanical Engineers
  • 1990, AIAA, Associate Fellow
  • 1990, AIAA Certificate of Appreciation
  • 1987, SAE Teetor Educational Award
  • 1985, NASA Certificate of Recognition
  • 1985, Edgerton Professorship
  • 1984, N.S.F. Research Initiation Award
  • 1979, Pi Tau Sigma, Excellent Teaching Assistant (U.C. Berkeley)
  • 1968-1973, Ministry of Higher Education Scholarship (Egypt)


  • American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fellow
  • American Physical Society, Fellow
  • The Combustion Institute, Fellow
  • American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), Associate Fellow
  • Socity of Automotive Engineers, Member.  

Professional Service

  • 2013, ETH Zurich, Evaluation Board         
  • 2013, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Visiting Professor     
  • 2011-present, Chair, Advisory Committee of the ARAMCO Research and Development Center         
  • 2008-present, Tecogen, Board of Directors         
  • 2008-2013, Member, IAB for Oxford Center for Collaborative Applied Mathematics         
  • 2007-2008,Technical Advisory Committee, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)        
  • 2000-2003, Member, Pittsburgh Supercomputer Center Advisory Board         
  • 2000, Advisory Board Member, National Energy Research Supercomputing Center         
  • 1997-present, NCSA Users Advisory Board         
  • 1993-1996, NSF Review Board on Supercomputer Allocation         
  • 1993-1994, DOE Review Panel on Energy Related Research         
  • 1992-1995, Associate Editor, Journal of Fluids Engineering         
  • 1990-1991, National Research Council Committee on Research Directions in Computational Mechanics        

MIT Service

  • 2014-present, Co-chair, Graduate Qualifying Exam Committee     
  • 2014-present, Member of the Advisory Board, Environmental Solutions Initiative at MIT
  • 2013-2014, Member, Faculty Search Committee                 
  • 2012, Member, Ocean Engineering Faculty Search Committee, ME         
  • 2012, Member of the ME Council         
  • 2011, Member, Strategic Planning Committee, ME Department         
  • 2011, Member, Faculty Search Committee              
  • 2011-2014, Member, Faculty Awards Committee         
  • 2010-present, Founding Executive Director, Center for Energy and Propulsion Research, ME         
  • 2010, Member, NSE Department Strategic Review Committee              
  • 2010-present, Mentoring Junior Faculty         
  • 2010-2011, Member, ME/OE Merger Review Committee         
  • 2009-2010, Member, ME Graduate Program Review Committee         
  • 2008-2010, Member, MIT Middle East Studies Working Group         
  • 2008-present, MIT-KFUPM Center for Clean Energy and Clean Water, Member of Executive Committee         
  • 2007-2010, Director, Center for 21st Century Energy         
  • 2006, Member, Energy Research Council, Education Subcommittee     
  • 2005-2010, Head, Energy Science and Engineering Division, ME             
  • 2005-2007, Co-Director, Center for 21st Century Energy         
  • 2005-2006, Chair, Energy Search Committee         
  • 2004-2005, Chair of Committee, School of Engineering ME-OE Merger Planning         
  • 2001-1004, Member, Department Admissions Committee         
  • 2000-2002, Chair, Committee on Curricula         
  • 1999-2000, Member, Committee on Curricula     
  • 1996-2001, Head, Thermo Fluids Sciences Division     
  • 1994-1995, Member, Ad hoc Committee on the Core Development         
  • 1994-1995, Member, Space Committee         
  • 1994, Chair, Search Committee         
  • 1992-1995, Admissions Committee     
  • 1991-1992, Member, Ad hoc Committee on Promotion         
  • 1991-1992, Member, Committee to Establish PEEER         
  • 1990-1994, SAL Seminar Series         
  • 1987-1988, Admission Committee         
  • 1985-1986, Seminar Chairman         
  • 1985-1990, Mathematics Minor Advisor         
  • 1984-1987, Department Graduate Committee         
  • 1983-present, Department of Mechanical Engineering,Undergraduate Faculty Advisor     
  • 1983-present, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graduate Advisor


  • Fundamentals of Advanced Energy Conversion (2.60/2.62j)
  • Fundamentals and Applications of Combustion (2.28)
  • Thermal-Fluids Engineering (2.005 and 2.006)


  • Selected publications (2012-2015): see Reacting Gas Dynamics website and my CV for most updated list.
  • Chen, Lei, Yong, S.Z. and Ghoniem, A.F., Oxy-fuel combustion of coal for carbon capture; characterization, fundamentals, stabilization and CFD modeling, Progress in Energy and Combustion Sciences, 38, (2012), pp. 156-214.
  • Kedia, Kushal, and Ahmed Ghoniem. "Mechanisms of stabilization and blowoff of a premixed flame downstream of a heat-conducting perforated plate" Combustion and Flame 159.3 (2012): 1055-1069.
  • Hanna, J., A. Ghoniem, and W. Lee. "On the Predictions of Carbon Deposition on the Nickel Anode of a SOFC and Its Impact on Open-Circuit Conditions" Journal of The Electrochemical Society 160.2 (2012): F94-F105.
  • Bates, Richard, and Ahmed Ghoniem. "Biomass torrefaction: Modeling of volatile and solid product evolution kinetics" Bioresource Technology 124. (2012): 460-469.
  • Gazzino, Marco, Sze Yong, and Ahmed Ghoniem. "Modeling the slag layer in solid fuel gasification and combustion – Formulation and sensitivity analysis" Fuel 92.1 (2012): 162-170.
  • Yong, Sze, Ahmed Ghoniem, and Lei Chen. "Oxy-fuel combustion of pulverized coal: Characterization, fundamentals, stabilization and CFD modeling" Progress in Energy and Combustion Science 38.2 (2012): 156-214.
  • Ghoniem, Ahmed, and Lei Chen. "Simulation of Oxy-Coal Combustion in a 100 kW th Test Facility Using RANS and LES: A Validation Study" Energy and Fuels 26.8 (2012): 4783-4798.
  • Monaghan, Rory, and Ahmed Ghoniem. "Simulation of a Commercial-Scale Entrained Flow Gasifier Using a Dynamic Reduced Order Model" Energy and Fuels 26.2 (2012): 1089-1106.
  • Kumar, Mayank, and Ahmed Ghoniem. "Multiphysics Simulations of Entrained Flow Gasification. Part I: Validating the Nonreacting Flow Solver and the Particle Turbulent Dispersion Model" Energy and Fuels 26.1 (2012): 451-463.
  • Ghoniem, Ahmed, and Mayank Kumar. "Multiphysics Simulations of Entrained Flow Gasification. Part II: Constructing and Validating the Overall Model" Energy and Fuels 26.1 (2012): 464-479.
  • Brasington, Herzog, et al. "Performance of an IGCC Plant with Carbon Capture and Coal-CO 2 -Slurry Feed: Impact of Coal Rank, Slurry Loading, and Syngas Cooling Technology" Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research 51.36 (2012): 11778-11790.
  • Ghoniem, Ahmed, Andrew Shroll, and Santosh Shanbhogue. "Dynamic-Stability Characteristics of Premixed Methane Oxy-Combustion" Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power 134.5 (2012): 051504.
  • Monaghan, Rory, and Ahmed Ghoniem. "A dynamic reduced order model for simulating entrained flow gasifiers. Part I: Model development and description." Fuel 91.1 (2012): 61-80.
  • Hong, Jongsup, Patrick Kirchen, and Ahmed Ghoniem. "Numerical simulation of ion transport membrane reactors: Oxygen permeation and transport and fuel conversion" Journal of Membrane Science 407-408. (2012): 71-85.
  • Ghoniem, Ahmed, Sungbae Park, and Daehyun Wee. "Impact of curvature on the kinematic response of small flames" Journal of Engineering Mathematics 74.1 (2012): 37-52.
  • Yong, Sze, and Ahmed Ghoniem. "Modeling the slag layer in solid fuel gasification and combustion – Two-way coupling with CFD" Fuel 97. (2012): 457-466.
  • Ghoniem, Ahmed, and Rory Monaghan. "A dynamic reduced order model for simulating entrained flow gasifiers. Part II: Model validation and sensitivity analysis" Fuel 94. (2012): 280-297.
  • Wee, Daehyun, Park, Sungbae, Ghoniem, A.F., Impact of curvature on the kinematic response of small flames, J. Engineering Math, 74, 1, 37-52 (2012). Available online DOI 10.1007/s10665-011-9481-5.
  • Ghoniem, Ahmed, Paolo Iora, and Gian Beretta. "Novel approach for fair allocation of primary energy consumption among cogenerated energy-intensive products based on the actual local area production scenario" Energy 44.1 (2012): 1107-1120.
  • Ben-Mansour, Ghoniem, et al. "Computational fluid dynamic simulation of oxyfuel combustion in gas-fired water tube boilers" Computers and Fluids 56. (2012): 152-165.
  • Timko, Wu, et al. "Mixing of single-component hydrocarbon droplets and water at supercritical or near-critical conditions" Journal of Supercritical Fluids 67. (2012): 29-40.
  • Timko, Ghoniem, et al. "Fractionation of multi-component hydrocarbon droplets in water at supercritical or near-critical conditions" Journal of Supercritical Fluids 72. (2012): 150-160.
  • Botero, C., Field, R.P., Herzog, H.J. and Ghoniem, A.F., Modeling high pressure high temperature gasification kinetics in mixed H2O/H2/CO2/CO atmosphere to predict of carbon in a gasifier fed with coal-CO2 slurry. (won Best Paper Award 37th International Technical Conference on Clean Coal & Fuel Systems, June 4-7, 2012). J. Applied Energy, 104 (2013) 408-417.
  • Kirchen, P., Apo, D.J., Hunt, A., and Ghoniem, A.F., A novel ion transport membrane reactor for fundamental investigations of oxygen permeation and oxy-combustion under reactive flow conditions, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 34, 2, 2013, 3463-3470.
  • Bates, Richard, and Ahmed Ghoniem. "Biomass torrefaction: Modeling of reaction thermochemistry" Bioresource Technology 134. (2013): 331-340.
  • Botero, Field, et al. "The Phase Inversion-based Coal-CO2 Slurry (PHICCOS) feeding system: Technoeconomic assessment using coupled multiscale analysis" International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control 18. (2013): 150-164.
  • Botero, Field, et al. "Coal-CO2 Slurry Feed for Pressurized Gasifiers: Slurry Preparation System Characterization and Economics" Energy Procedia 37. (2013): 2212-2223.
  • Chen, Tianjiao, Zhenlong Zhao, and Ahmed Ghoniem. "Rotary Bed Reactor for Chemical-Looping Combustion with Carbon Capture. Part 2: Base Case and Sensitivity Analysis" Energy and Fuels 27.1 (2013): 344-359.
  • Ghoniem, Hong, et al. "Impact of the Flame-Holder Heat-Transfer Characteristics on the Onset of Combustion Instability" Combustion Science and Technology 185.10 (2013): 1541-1567.
  • Botero, Field, et al. "Impact of finite-rate kinetics on carbon conversion in a high-pressure, single-stage entrained flow gasifier with coal–CO2 slurry feed" Applied Energy 104. (2013): 408-417.
  • Ghoniem, A., J. Hanna, and W. Lee. "Kinetics of Carbon Monoxide Electro-Oxidation in Solid-Oxide Fuel Cells from Ni-YSZ Patterned-Anode Measurements" Journal of The Electrochemical Society 160.6 (2013): F698-F708.
  • Ghoniem, Hong, et al. "On the phase between pressure and heat release fluctuations for propane/hydrogen flames and its role in mode transitions" Combustion and Flame 160.12 (2013): 2827-2842.
  • Ghoniem, Ahmed, and Fabrice Schlegel. "Simulation of a high Reynolds number reactive transverse jet and the formation of a triple flame" Combustion and Flame . (2013).
  • Chen, Lei, and Ahmed Ghoniem. "Development of a three-dimensional computational slag flow model for coal combustion and gasification" Fuel 113. (2013): 357-366.
  • Ghoniem, Ahmed, and Mayank Kumar. "Application of a validated gasification model to determine the impact of coal particle grinding size on carbon conversion" Fuel 108. (2013): 565-577.
  • Chen, Lei, Ahmed Ghoniem, and Sze Yong. "Modeling the slag behavior in three dimensional CFD simulation of a vertically-oriented oxy-coal combustor" Fuel Processing Technology 112. (2013): 106-117.
  • Ghoniem, Ahmed, Jongsup Hong, and Patrick Kirchen. "Analysis of heterogeneous oxygen exchange and fuel oxidation on the catalytic surface of perovskite membranes" Journal of Membrane Science 445. (2013): 96-106.
  • Ghoniem, Ahmed, Jongsup Hong, and Patrick Kirchen. "Interactions between oxygen permeation and homogeneous-phase fuel conversion on the sweep side of an ion transport membrane" Journal of Membrane Science 428. (2013): 309-322.
  • Lee, W.Y., Hanna, J. and Ghoniem, A.F., On the predictions of carbon deposition on the nickel anode of an SOFC and its impact on open–circuit conditions, J. Electrochem. Soc., 2013, 160(2): F94-F105; doi:10.1149/2.051302jes.
  • Kedia, K. and Ghoniem, A.F., An analytical model to predict the dynamic response of a premixed flame stabilized on a heat conducting perforated plate, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 34, 1, 2013, 921-928.
  • Singer, S., Chen, L. and Ghoniem, A.F., The influence of char particle trajectory and conversion of char gasification reactions during oxy-combustion and gasification, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 34, 2, 2013, 3471-3478.
  • Ghoniem, Hong, et al. "Examining flow-flame interaction and the characteristic stretch rate in vortex-driven combustion dynamics using PIV and numerical simulation" Combustion and Flame 160.8 (2013): 1381-1397.
  • Kirchen, Patrick, Jongsup Hong, and Ahmed Ghoniem. "Laminar oxy-fuel diffusion flame supported by an oxygen-permeable-ion-transport membrane" Combustion and Flame 160.3 (2013): 704-717.
  • Singer, Simcha, and Ahmed Ghoniem. "Comprehensive gasification modeling of char particles with multi-modal pore structures" Combustion and Flame 160.1 (2013): 120-137.
  • Abani, Neerav, and Ahmed Ghoniem. "Large eddy simulations of coal gasification in an entrained flow gasifier" Fuel 104. (2013): 664-680.
  • Ghoniem, Manzolini, et al. "Reduced order modeling of the Shell–Prenflo entrained flow gasifier" Fuel 104. (2013): 822-837.
  • Ahmed, Badr, et al. "Modeling of a combined ion transport and porous membrane reactor for oxy-combustion" Journal of Membrane Science 446. (2013): 230-243.
  • Cai, Ghoniem, et al. "Experimental characterization and elementary reaction modeling of solid oxide electrolyte direct carbon fuel cell" Journal of Power Sources 243. (2013): 159-171.
  • Beretta, Gian, Ahmed Ghoniem, and Paolo Iora. "Allocating electricity production from a hybrid fossil-renewable power plant among its multi primary resources" Energy 60. (2013): 344-360.
  • Chen, Lei, and Ahmed Ghoniem. "Modeling CO 2 Chemical Effects on CO Formation in Oxy-Fuel Diffusion Flames Using Detailed, Quasi-Global and Global Reaction Mechanisms" Combustion Science and Technology. (2014): 140124122032005.
  • Kedia, K.S., Safta, C., Ray, J., Najm, H.N. and Ghoniem, A.F., A second-order immersed boundary-SAMR construction for chemically reacting flow over heat-conducting Cartesian grid-conforming solid, Journal of Computational Physics, 272, 408-428, 2014.
  • Kedia, K.S. and Ghoniem, A.F., The stabilization mechanism of a laminar premixed flame on a bluff body, Combustion and Flame, 161 (2014) 327-2339.
  • Gazzani, M., Turi, D.M., Ghoniem, A.F., Macchi, E., and Manzolini, G., Techno-economic assessment of two novel feeding systems for a dry feed gasifier in an IGCC plant with Pd-membranes for CO2, Int. J. Greenhouse Gas Control, 201425 (2014) 62-78.     
  • Bakshi, A., Altantzis, C. and Ghoniem, A.F., Towards Accurate multidimensional simulations of dense multiphase flows using cylindrical coordinates, Powder Technology, 264 (2014) 242-255.
  • Ragavan, A, and Ghoniem, A.F., Direct Simulation of supercritical water-hydrocarbon mixing in a cylindrical Tee junction at intermediate Reynolds number: Formulation, numerical methods and laminar mixing, J. Supercritical Fluids, 2014, 92 (2014) 31-46.
  • Bates, R. and Ghoniem, A.F., Modeling reaction-transport interactions during biomass torrefaction, Fuel, 137 (2014) 216-229.
  • Hunt, A., Dimitrakopoulos, G., Kirchen, P., and Ghoniem, A.F., Measuring the oxygen profile and permeation flux across an ion transport (LCF) membrane and the development and validation of multistep surface exchange model, J Membrane Sci., 468 (2014) 62-72.
  • Sheu, E.J. and Ghoniem, A.F., Redox-reforming based integrated solar natural gas plants: reforming and thermodynamic cycle efficiency, Int. J Hydrogen Energy, 39(2014) 14817-14833.
  • Timko, M.T., Ghoniem, A.F. and Green, W.H., Upgrading and desulfurization of heavy oils by supercritical water, J. Supercritical Fluids, 2014, in press.     
  • Ragavan, A, and Ghoniem, A.F., Simulation of supercritical water-hydrocarbon mixing in a cylindrical Tee junction at intermediate Reynolds number: Impact of temperature difference between streams, J. Supercritical Fluids, 95 (2014) 325-338.
  • Kedia, K.S. and Ghoniem, A.F., The blow-off mechanism of a bluffbody stabilized laminar-premixed flame, Combustion and Flame, 2014. In press.
  • Ahmed, P., Habib, M.A., Ben-Mansour, R., Kirchen, P. and Ghoniem, A.F., CFD analysis of a novel reactor design using ion transport membranes for oxy-fuel combustion, Energy, 77 (2014) 932-944.     
  • Bongartz, D., and Ghoniem, A.F., Chemical kinetics modeling of oxy-fuel flames of mixtures of hydrogen sulfide and methane, Combustion and Flame, in press, 2014.     
  • Beretta, G.P., Iora, P., and Ghoniem, A.F., Allocating resources and products in multi-hybrid multi-cogeneration: what fractions of heat and power are renewable in hybrid fossil-solar CHP, Energy, 2014, 78, 2104, 587-603.     
  • Chen, Ghoniem, et al. "Design of a rotary reactor for chemical-looping combustion. Part 1: Fundamentals and design methodology" Fuel 121. (2014): 327-343.
  • Ghoniem, Hanna, et al. "Fundamentals of electro- and thermochemistry in the anode of solid-oxide fuel cells with hydrocarbon and syngas fuels" Progress in Energy and Combustion Science 40. (2014): 74-111.
  • Ghoniem, Ahmed, and Kushal Kedia. "The anchoring mechanism of a bluff-body stabilized laminar premixed flame" Combustion and Flame. (2014).
  • Ghoniem, Ahmed, and Zhenlong Zhao. "Design of a rotary reactor for chemical-looping combustion. Part 2: Comparison of copper-, nickel-, and iron-based oxygen carriers" Fuel 121. (2014): 344-360.
  • Altantzis, C., A. Bakshi, and A. Ghoniem. "Towards Accurate Three-Dimensional Simulation of Dense Multi-Phase Flows Using Cylindrical Coordinates" Powder Technology. (2014).
  • Cai, Ghoniem, et al. "Using potassium catalytic gasification to improve the performance of solid oxide direct carbon fuel cells: Experimental characterization and elementary reaction modeling" Journal of Power Sources 252. (2014): 130-137.
  • Ben-Mansour, Ghoniem, et al. "Design of an ion transport membrane reactor for gas turbine combustion application" Journal of Membrane Science 450. (2014): 60-71.
  • Altantzis, C., Bates, R.B. and Ghoniem, A.F. Estimating the specularity coefficient and its effect on bubble dynamics and circulation time in a thin rectangular fluidized bed, Powder Tech., 2015, 270 (2015) 256-270.
  • Taamallah, S., LaBry, Z., Shanbhogue, S., and Ghoniem, A.F., Correspondence between the uncoupled flame configuration and thermoacoustic instability in lean premixed swirl stabilized combustor. (ASME Turbo Expo 2014, GTP-14-1558). J Eng Gas Turbine Power 137(7), 071505 (2015) (12 pages).
  • Taamallah, S., LaBry, Z., Shanbhogue, S., and Ghoniem, A.F., Thermoacoustic instabilities in lean premixed combustion and their link to the flame macrostructure under acoustically uncoupled and coupled conditions. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 35, issue 3, 2015, 3273-3282.
  • Kedia, K., and Ghoniem, The response of a harmonically excited premixed flame stabilized on a heat-conducting bluffbody. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 35, issue 1, 2015, 1065-1072.
  • Hong, S.H., Shanbhogue, S., and Ghoniem, A.F., Impact of fuel composition on the recirculation zone structure and its role in lean premixed flame anchoring, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 35, issue 2, 2015, 1493-1500.


  • Ahmed F Ghoniem, Zachary Alexander LaBry, Santosh Janardhan Shanbhogue, Raymond L Speth, "SWIRL-COUNTER-SWIRL MICROJETS FOR THERMOACOUSTIC INSTABILITY SUPPRESSION", US Patent No. 8708696, Serial No. 12/941177, Issue Date 4/29/2014. Filed Date 11/8/2010.
  • Ahmed F Ghoniem, Seung Hyuck Hong, Santosh Janardhan Shanbhogue, "COMBUSTION INSTABILITY SUPPRESSION SYSTEM USING HEAT INSULATING FLAMEHOLDING MATERIAL", Published Application.  Serial No. 13/858568. Filed Date 4/8/2013.
  • Cristina Botero, Randall Perkins Field, Ahmed F Ghoniem, Howard Herzog, "METHOD FOR PREPARING A SLURRY OF PULVERIZED SOLID MATERIAL IN LIQUID OR SUPERCRITICAL CARBON DIOXIDE", Published Application. Serial No. 14/048150. Filed Date 10/8/2013.
  • Ahmed F. Ghoniem, Le Cheng and Patrick Kirchen, USE OF ION TRANSPORT MEMBRANE FOR COMBINED CO2 CAPTURE AND REUSE, MIT Tech disclosure 15596.
  • Randall Perkins Field, Ahmed F Ghoniem, Chukwunwike Ogbonnia Iloeje, "CARBON DIOXIDE PURIFICATION", Published Application.  Serial No. 13/696182.  Filed Date 1/22/2013.
  • Randall Field, Ahmed F. Ghoniem and Chukwunwike Ogbonnia. Iloeje, "A NOVEL APPROACH TO CARBON-DIOXIDE PURIFICATION FOR OXY-COMBUSTION SYSTEM", M.I.T. Case No. 14236.