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Sang-Gook Kim

Contact Info

room 1-306

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

77 Massachusetts Avenue

Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139


  • 1978


  • 1980


  • 1985



Research Interests

  • AI fopr Design
  • Piezoelectric MEMS
  • Optical Nanostructures
  • Axiomatic Design


Sang-Gook Kim is a professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering.  He received his B.S. degree from Seoul National University (1978), M.S. from KAIST (1980), and Ph.D. from MIT (1985).  He held positions at Axiomatics Co., Cambridge, MA (1986) and Korea Institute of Science and Technology (1986-1991). Then he became a corporate executive director at Daewoo Corporation, Korea, and directed the Central Research Institute of Daewoo Electronics Co. until 2000 when he joined MIT. He is currently the Micro/Nano Area Head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at MIT. Prof. Kim’s research has been in the field of product realization throughout his career at both the industry and academia. His recent research includes piezoelectric MEMS energy harvesting, micro ultrasonic transducers and nano-engineered energy conversion for carbon neutrality and solar water splitting systems. He is a fellow of CIRP (International Academy for Production Engineering), fellow of ASME, and overseas member of Korean National Academy of Engineering.

Honors + Awards

  • 2011, Keenan Award for Innovation in Undergraduate Education, MIT, Mechanical Engineering
  • 2001-2004, Esther and Harold E. Edgerton Professorship
  • 1999, KSME, Baikbong Technology Award
  • 1998, Daewoo Technology Award, Grand Prize
  • 1998, Best Industrial Technology Award, Grand Prize, Korean Presidential Award


  • National Academy of Engineering of Korea, Member (Overseas),
  • CIRP (International Academy for Production Engineering), Fellow
  • ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers), Fellow
  • Korea Engineers Club, Member
  • IEEE, Member

MIT Service

  • 2001-2010, Graduate Admissions Committee            
  • 2002-2004, Materials Facilities Council (Institute)
  • 2004-2006, PTS Advisor                        
  • 2005-2006, ME Research Council
  • 2006-2008, ME Educational Council                
  • 2006-2006, ME Undergraduate Committee            
  • 2006-2008, ME 2-A Coordinator                    
  • 2006-present, Park Center for Complexity, Director
  • 2007-2010, MEMS@MIT, steering committee        
  • 2009-2012, Faculty Committee on the Library Systems    
  • 2009-2012, MTL Seminar committee            
  • 2011-2013, Faculty Policy Committee                    
  • 2011-2013, ABET preparation coordinator (2A)    
  • 2012-2013, FPC sub committee on IAP            
  • 2013-present, ME Micro/Nano Area Head and ME Council


  • Micro/Nano Engineering Lab (2.674, 2.675, 2.676)
  • Multi-scale Systems Design and Manufacturing (2.76)
  • Large and Complex Systems Design (2.778, 2.777)


Selected in the last 5 years

S.G. Kim. et al., AI for Design: Virtual Design Assistance, CIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology v68.1 (2019)


H Akay, R Xu, D Han, T Teo, SG Kim, Energy Harvesting Combat Boot for Satellite Positioning, Micromachines, 2018, 9(5), 244

R. Xu and S.G. Kim, “MEMS Buckled Plates Based Low-Frequency Vibration Energy Harvesting”, 11th Energy Harvesting Workshop, Blacksburg, Virginia

K. M. Smyth, C. G. Sodini, S. G. Kim "High electromechanical coupling piezoelectric micro-machined ultrasonic transducer (PMUT) elements for medical imaging" International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems (Transducers) . (2017): 966-969

H. Akay, R. Xu and S.G. Kim, “Energy Harvesting Footwaar”, 12th Energy Harvesting Workshop, Blacksburg, Virginia, 2017

S.G. Kim, “MEMS Energy Harvesting: why so slow to be commercialized?”, 12th Energy Harvesting Workshop, Blacksburg, Virginia, 2017 (invited)

Xin-Hao Li, Jeffrey B. Chou , Wei Lek Kwan, Asma M. Elsharif and Sang-Gook Kim, “The effect of anisotropic electron momentum distribution of surface plasmon on internal photoemission of a Schottky hot carrier device,” Opt. Express, in press 2017

S. Jahanmir, N. Saka, C. Tucker III, S.G. Kim (EDs.), Advances in Multidisciplinary Engineering, ASME Press, NY, 2016

Jeffrey B. Chou, Xin-Hao Li, Yu Wang, David P. Fenning, Asmaa Elfaer, Jaime Viegas, Mustapha Jouiad, Yang Shao-Horn, and Sang-Gook Kim, "Surface plasmon assisted hot electron collection in wafer-scale metallic-semiconductor photonic crystals," Opt. Express 24, A1234-A1244 (2016), doi: 10.1364/OE.24.0A1234

Ryu, S., Chou, J. B., Lee, K., Lee, D., Hong, S. H., Zhao, R., Lee, H. and Kim, S.-G. (2015), Direct Insulation-to-Conduction Transformation of Adhesive Catecholamine for Simultaneous Increases of Electrical Conductivity and Mechanical Strength of CNT Fibers. Adv. Mater.. 2015, v27, issue 21, pp3221, doi:10.1002/adma.201500914

K. Smyth and S.G. Kim, “Experiment and Simulation Validated Analytical Equivalent Circuit Model for Piezoelectric Micro-Machined Ultrasonic Transducer,” IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, vol 62., n. 4, 2015 

S. Ryu, P. Lee; J. Chou, R. Xu, R. Zhao, J. Hart, S.G. Kim,"Fabrication of extremely elastic wearable strain sensor using aligned carbon nanotube fibers for monitoring human motion," ACS Nano, 2015, 9 (6), pp5929, 10.1021/acsnano.5b00599

G. De Pasquale, S. G. Kim, D. De Pasquale, “GoldFinger: wireless human-machine interface with dedicated software and biomechanical energy harvesting system,” IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics, in press

Chou, J.B., D. P. Fenning, Y. Wang, M. A.M. Polanco, J. Hwang, F. Sammoura, J. Viegas, M. Rasras, A. ElFaer, A. Kolpak, Y. Shao-Horn, S.G. Kim “Broadband Photoelectric Hot Carrier Collection with Wafer-Scale Metallic-Semiconductor Photonic Crystals”, 42th IEEE Photovoltaic Specialist Conference, New Orleans, 2015

J. B. Chou, Y. X. Yeng, Y. E. Lee, A. Lenert, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, E. N. Wang, N.X. Fang, and S.G. Kim, " Enabling Ideal Selective Solar Absorption with 2D Metallic Dielectric Photonic Crystals " Advanced Materials, Advanced Materials, 26, Issue 47, 2014 (Inside Front Cover Article)

J. Chou, Y. X. Yeng, A. Lenert, V. Rinnerbauer , I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic , E. N. Wang, and S.G. Kim, “Design of Wide-Angle Selective Absorbers/Emitters with Dielectric Filled Metallic Photonic Crystals for Energy Applications, “ Optics Express, 22, Issue S1, pp. A144-A154 (2014)

Y. X. Yeng, J. Chou, V. Rinnerbauer , Y. Shen, S.G. Kim, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljacic , I. Celanovic, “Global optimization of omnidirectional wavelength selective emitters/absorbers based on dielectric-filled anti-reflection coated two-dimensional metallic photonic crystals,” Optics Express, 22, No.18 (2014)

G. Gafforelli, A. Corigliano, R. Xu and S. G. Kim, “Experimental verification of a bridge-shaped nonlinear vibration energy harvester, Applied Physics Letters, 105, 203901 (2014)


  • Sang G. Kim, PahngRoc Oh and Hong J. Lee, “Valve utilizing shape memory alloys”, US Patent No. 5588717, Dec. 1996
  • Sang G. Kim and Hong J. Lee, “Simulator for testing an ABS modulator”, US Patent No. 5621168, Apr. 1997
  • Sang G. Kim, Hong J. Lee and PahngRoc Oh, “Valve utilizing shape memory alloys and an anti-lock brake system”, US Patent No. 5622413, Apr. 1997
  • Sang G. Kim and Yoo G. Kim, “Atomic force microscope and driving method therefor”, US Patent No. 6,708,556, Mar. 2004
  • G. Barbastathis, S.G. Kim,, W. Shih, C. Wong, and Y. Jeon,” Micro-actuated adaptive diffractive composites”, US Patent No. 6,975,459, 2005
  • C.W. Wong, S. Johnson, G. Barbastathis and S.G. Kim, “Dynamically Tunable Photonic Bandgap Microcavity Waveguides via Mechanical Lattice Control,” US Patent No. 7,092,606, Aug. 2006
  • C.W. Wong, G. Barbastathis and S.G. Kim, “ Reconfigurable microphotonics devices via deformable membrane platforms,” US Patent No. 7,110,628, Sep. 2006
  • Sang-Gook Kim, “Method of Making Packets of Nanostructures,” US Patent 7507987, Mar. 2009
  • NP Suh, SG Kim, T Lee, I Barman, G Heo, “Method and apparatus for permeating flow desalination,” US Patent 664, 2007
  • B. L. Wardle and S.-G. Kim, “Ultra-tough Hybrid Nanocomposite Interlayer Architecture”, United States Patent 7537825, May 2009
  • Firas Sammoura and Sang-Gook Kim, "Frequency Tunable Piezoelectric Micromachined Ultrasonic Transonic Transducers", US Patent United States of America Patent No. 8,723,399, May 2014
  • NP Suh, SG Kim, T Lee, I Barman, G Heo, “Method and apparatus for permeating flow desalination,” US Patent No. 8,871,074 October 2014
  • S-G Kim, S. Kim and H. W. Lee, "Method of Making and Assembling Capsulated Nanostructures", US Patent 9494615, 2016
  • ​Jeffrey Brian Chou, Sang-Gook Kim, “Metallic Dielectric Photonic Crystals and Methods of Fabrication” US patent No. 9523152, 2016