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Daniel Frey

Contact Info

room 5-321A

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

77 Massachusetts Avenue

Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139


  • 1987


  • 1993


  • 1997



Research Interests

  • Robust Design
  • Design of Experiments
  • Numerical Computation

Honors + Awards

  • 1997 R&D 100 Award (Software for Virtual Machining)
  • 1999 Baker Teaching Award     
  • 2000 Aero/Astro Teaching Award    
  • 2005 NSF CAREER Award
  • 2005 Best paper on Systems Engineering Process, International Council on Systems Engineering Symposium
  • 2006 Junior Bose Award for Excellence in Teaching
  • 2006 Joseph A. Martore Contribution to ESD Education Award    
  • 2007 Best paper on design theory and methodology, ASME DETC
  • 2007 George Foster Peabody Award to Design Squad Season #1
  • 2009 The Ruth and Joel Spira Award for Distinguished Teaching
  • 2010 R&D 100 Award (Leveraged Freedom Chair)
  • 2011 IEEE Outstanding Paper Award, International Conference on Quality and Reliability
  • 2012 Best Paper, ASEE Conf. on Engineering Educ.
  • 2013 Best paper in Advanced Vehicle Technology, ASME DETC
  • 2013 ASME Fellow
  • 2020 SAE Charles M. Manly Memorial Medal
  • 2022 Teaching with Digital Technology Award


  • American Society of Mechanical Engineers    
  • American Society for Engineering Education            
  • American Statistical Association        

Professional Service

  • Member, American Society of Engineering Education Working Group on Faculty Preparation and Development, 2008.
  • Visiting Committee Member, Mechanical Engineering Programme, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg Sweden, 2011 to present.
  • General Chair, Concurrent Engineering 2011 Conference, International Society of Productivity Enhancement, 2011.
  • Research in Engineering design, Area Editor, 2014-present.

MIT Service

  • 2008-2010 Undergraduate committee (Mechanical Eng.)    
  • 2008-2010 Subcommittee on the Communications Requirement    
  • 2008 - present BLOSSOMS program, co-Director   
  • 2009 - present Electric Vehicle Team advisor            
  • 2011-2014 ROTC Oversight Committee    
  • 2012-2013 ESD Council            
  • 2013-2017 Faculty Committee on Statistics            
  • 2013-2018 Delegate to the College Board            
  • 2013-2015 MIT Committee on Undergraduate Admissions and Financial Aid


  • 2.00A Fundamentals of Engineering Design
  • 2.086 Numerical Computation for Mechanical Engineers
  • 2.087 Engineering Mathematics: Differential Equations and Linear Algebra
  • 2.678 Electronics of Mechanical Engineers


  • Dym, C. L., A. M. Agogino, O. Eris, D. D. Frey, and L. J. Leifer, 2005, “Engineering Design Thinking, Teaching, and Learning,” ASEE Journal of Engineering Education 94(1):103-120.
  • Clausing, D. and D. D. Frey, 2005, “Improving System Reliability by Failure-Mode Avoidance Including Four Concept Design Strategies,” Systems Engineering (INCOSE) 8(3):245-261.
  • Magee, C. L., and D. D. Frey, 2006, “Experimentation and its Role in Engineering Design: Linking a Student Design Exercise to New Results from Cognitive Psychology,” International Journal of Engineering Education 22(3):478-488.
  • Frey, D. D., and R. Jugulum, 2006, “The Mechanisms by which Adaptive One-Factor-at-a-Time Experimentation Leads to Improvement,” ASME Journal of Mechanical Design 128:1050-60.
  • Frey, D. D., and H. Wang, 2006, “Adaptive One-Factor-at-a-Time Experimentation and Expected Value of Improvement”, Technometrics 48(3):418-31.**
  • Singh, J., D. D. Frey, and N. Soderborg, 2006, “Noise Strategy in Robust Design: What Aspects of Noise Factors are Important in Quality Engineering?” Quality Engineering 18:367-377.**
  • Frey, D. D., and M. Wolsky, 2006, “Engaging Children in Engineering Design Through Popular Media,” (guest editorial) ASME Journal of Mechanical Design 128(3):513-515.
  • Frey, D. D., and C. Dym, 2006, “Validation of Design Methods: Lessons from Medicine”, Research in Engineering Design 17(1):45-57.
  • 2.24.    Li, X., N. Sudarsanam, and D. D. Frey, 2006, “Regularities in Data from Factorial Experiments,” Complexity 11(5):32-45
  • Frey, D. D., J. Palladino, J. P. Sullivan, and M. Atherton, 2007, “Part Count and Design of Robust Systems,” Systems Engineering (INCOSE) 10(3), pp. 203-221.
  • Frey, D. D., and N. Sudarsanam, 2008, “An Adaptive One-factor-at-a-time Method for Robust Parameter Design: Comparison with Crossed Arrays via Case Studies,” ASME Journal of Mechanical Design 130(2)915-928 **
  • Frey, D. D., and X. Li, 2008, “Using Hierarchical Probability Models to Evaluate Robust Parameter Design Methods,” Journal of Quality Technology 40(1):1-19. **
  • Frey, D.D., P. M Herder, Y. Wijnia, E. Subramanian, K. Katsikopoulos, and D. P. Clausing, 2009, "The Pugh Controlled Convergence Method: Model-Based Evaluation and Implications for Design Theory," Research in Engineering Design 20(1):41-50.
  • Milani, A.S., H. Wang, D.D. Frey, and R.C. Abeyaratne, 2009, Evaluating Three DOE Methodologies: Optimization of a Composite Laminate under Fabrication Error, Quality Engineering 21(1):96-110.
  • Foster, C. R., R. Jugulum, and D. D. Frey, 2009, "Evaluating an Adaptive One-Factor-at-a-Time Search Procedure within the Mahalanobis Taguchi System," International Journal of Industrial and Systems Engineering, 4(9):600-614. **  
  • Frey, D.D., P. M Herder, Y. Wijnia, E. Subramanian, K. Katsikopoulos, and D. P. Clausing, K. Oye, R. de Neufville, 2010, " Research in engineering design: the role of mathematical theory and empirical evidence," Research in Engineering Design 21(1):139-145.
  • Sudarsanam, Nandan, and D. D. Frey, 2011, “Using Ensemble Techniques to Advance Adaptive One-Factor-at-a-Time Experimentation,” Quality and Reliability Engineering International. 27(7):947-57. **
  • Frey, D. D., and B. Powers, 2012, "Designing Design Squad: Developing and Assessing a Television Program about Engineering," Journal of Precollege Engineering Education Research. 2(1): 1-20. **
  • Magee, C. L., K. L. Pey, J. Chen, J. Luo, and D. D. Frey, 2011, “Beyond R&D: What Design Adds to a Modern Research University,”  International Journal of Engineering Education 28(2).
  • Savoie, Troy B. and D. D. Frey, 2012, "Detecting Mistakes in Engineering Models: The Effects of Experimental Design," Research in Engineering Design 23:155-175.
  • Cardin, M.-A., Kolfschoten, G. L., de Neufville, R., Frey, D. D., de Weck, O. L., Geltner, D. M., 2013, “Empirical Evaluation of Procedures to Generate Flexibility in Engineering Systems and Improve Lifecycle Performance”, Research in Engineering Design 24:277-295.
  • Frey, D. D., 2013, "Discussion: Dimensional Analysis and Experimentation as a Catalyst to Learning from Data" Technometrics 55(3): 275-278.


  • Frey, D. D., and T. Hykes, 1997, "A method for virtual machining," patent #5,691,909.
  • Frey, D. D., E. S. Brown, and L. E. Carlson, 1998, "Locking mechanism for a voluntary closing prosthetic prehensor," patent #5,800,571.
  • Winter, A. G., Mario A. Bollini, Danielle M. Delatte, Harrison F. O’Hanley, Natasha K. Scolnik, Gwyndaf M. Jones, Daniel D. Frey, Benjamin Judge, Benjamin H. Gallup, Danielle Hicks, Nydia Ruleman, Xuefeng Chen, 2014, “Wheelchair with Lever Drivetrain”, patent #8,844,959
  • Debbie L. Teodorescu, Sally Miller, D. D. Frey, Robert J. Smalley, 2019, "Ultraportable system for intraoperative isolative and regulation of surgical site environments", European patent office EP 3 484 404 B1, International Publication number WO 2018/014003.