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Gang Chen

Contact Info

room 3-258

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

77 Massachusetts Avenue

Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139


  • 1993


  • 1987

    Huazhong University of Science and Technology

  • 1983

    Huazhong University of Science and Technology


Research Interests

  • Experimental, theoretical, and numerical study of fundamental thermal energy conversion and transport mechanisms at micro- and nanometer scales, with applications to thermoelectrics, photovoltaics, thermophotovoltaics, microelectronics and photonics; thermal and electrochemical energy storage; nanoengineered materials with high and low thermal conductivities; thermal interface materials; ultrafast transport processes; thermal radiation and electromagnetic metamaterials; nanofabrication; phtomolecular effects; desalination and waste water treatment; atmospheric water harvesting; air-conditioning; and drying.

Online Data



Honors + Awards

Selected Listing:

  • 2023, National Academy of Sciences Member
  • 2003, Wouk Lecture, Caltech
  • 2003, Madge Colloqium, Boston College
  • 2022, Physics World Top 10 Breakthroughs: Cubic boron arsenide is a champion semiconductor 
  • 2019-2022, Highly Cited Researcher, Clarivate
  • 2018, Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences
  • 2018, Thomas Reuters Highly Cited Researcher (physics category, materials category).
  • 2018, Honorary Professor, Tsinghua University
  • 2018, Aurel Stodola Medal and Lecture, ETH
  • 2018, Byron Short Lecture, UT Austin
  • 2017, Toderi-Callinan Lecture, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Pennsylvania
  • 2017, Thomas Reuters Highly Cited Researcher (physics category)
  • 2017, C2C Award (Committed to Caring), MIT ODGE
  • 2016, Eringen Medal, Society of Engineering Science
  • 2016, Thomas Reuters Highly Cited Researcher
  • 2016, Distinguished Colloqium, U. Chicago, Institute of Molecular Engineering
  • 2016, Distinguished Lecture, U. Virginia, Department of Mechnical Engineering
  • 2016, Alwin Schaller Lecture, Department of Mechanical Engineering, UIUC
  • 2016, David Goodwin Memorial Lecture, Caltech
  • 2016, Leaders in Engineering Lecture, RPI MANE
  • 2016, Distinguished Seminar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Northeastern University
  • 2015, World Technology Award, Energy Category
  • 2015, William Mong Distinguished Lecture, University of Hong Kong
  • 2015, Institute of Advanced Studies Distinguished Seminar, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology.
  • 2014, Academician, Academia Sinica, Taiwan
  • 2014, Outstanding Alumni Award, Huazhong University of Science and Technology
  • 2014, Nukiyama Memorial Award, Heat Transfer Society of Japan
  • 2014, Batteries that Capture Low-Grade Waste Heat named by Scientific America Magazine as one of 10 World Changing Ideas.
  • 2014, Penner Lecture, Department of Mechanical Engineering, UCSD
  • 2014, Distinguished Lecture, ME8888 Seminar, Ohio State University 
  • 2013, 75th Anniversary Medal of the ASME Heat Transfer Division
  • 2013, George Persall Lecture, Duke University
  • 2012, Directional Solvent Extraction Technology Named by Scientific America Magazine as one of 10 World Changing Ideas.
  • 2012, Fellow, American Physical Society
  • 2012, Springer Professor, UC Berkeley
  • 2012, Hawkins Lecture, Purdue University
  • 2012, Distinguished Seminar, U. Toronto Mechanical Engineering Department.
  • 2011, Distinguished Lecture, CMU Mechanical Engineering Department.
  • 2011, Honorary Professor, Hubei University of Arts and Science, China
  • 2011, Capers and Marion McDonald Award for Excellences in Mentoring and Advising, MIT School of Engineering.
  • 2011, Distinguished Lecture, University of Connecticut, School of Engineering.
  • 2010, Honorary Professor, Shanghai University
  • 2010, Member, National Academy of Engineering
  • 2009, AAAS Fellow
  • 2009, Carl Richard Soderberg Professor of Power Engineering, MIT School of Engineering
  • 2008, R&D 100 Award for High Performance Thermoelectric Materials
  • 2008, ASME Heat Transfer Memorial Award, Science Category.
  • 2007, Honorary Professor, Huanan University of Science and Technology, China
  • 2006, Fellow, ASME
  • 2006, Warren and Towneley Rohsenow Professorship, MIT
  • 2002, Guggenheim Fellowship.
  • 1994, National Science Foundation Young Investigator Award.
  • 1994-97, Outstanding Reviewer for Journal of Heat Transfer.
  • 1996, Warren Faculty Scholar, Duke University.
  • 1992, Arthur Gould Tasheira Scholarship, University of California, Berkeley.
  • 89-92, Scholarship, K.C. Wong Education Foundation, Hong Kong


  • National Academy of Sciences 
  • American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Fellow
  • US National Academy of Engineering, Member
  • Academia Sinica, Academician
  • Guggenheim Foundation, Fellow
  • American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Fellow
  • American Physical Society, Fellow
  • American Association for Advancement of Science, Fellow
  • Materials Research Society, Member

Professional Service

Selected Listing:

  • 2022-, Board Member, Asian American Scholar Forum
  • 2021-, NAE Membership Policy Committee
  • 2018-2021, NAE Committee of Membership
  • 2015-2018, NAE Peer Committe, Sec. 10
  • 2015-present, Engineering, Associate Editor-in-Chief
  • 2003-2019, Annual Review of Heat Transfer, Lead Co-Editor
  • 2011-present, Nano Energy, Editorial Board
  • 2011, Member of US-Russia Presidential Bilateral Relation 
  • 2011-2014, ASME Heat Transfer Division Award Committee, Member
  • 2004-, Center for Applied Science, Taiwan, Advisory Board
  • 2004-2022, Nano/Microscale Thermophysical Engineering, Editorial Board, 2022- Advisory Board
  • 2005-2008, ASME Nano Institute, Chairman of Advisory Board
  • 2003-2005, Nanoscale Phenomena Committee, ASME Nano-Institute, Chair

MIT Service

  • 2022, Energy Area head
  • MIT.nano governing board
  • 2013-2018, Head, Mecahnical Engineering Department, MIT
  • Advisor, MIT-CHIEF
  • 2006-present, Director, Papparlado Micro/Nano Engineering Laboratories
  • 2005-2009, Micro/Nano Engineering Area Head
  • 2010-2012, Micro/Nano Engineering Area Head
  • 2008-2010, Co-Chair, MITEI Seminar Series
  • 2004, Materials Research Facility Committee
  • 2003-2004, MTL Processing Review Committee


  • Thermal Fluids Engineering I (2.005)
  • Thermal Fluids Engineering II (2.006)
  • Nano-to-Macro Transport Processes (2.57)
  • Radiative Transfer (2.58J)
  • Direct Solar/Thermal to Electrical Energy Conversion (2.997)
  • Advanced Heat Transfer (2.55)


Selected Publications

  • Book: G. Chen, Nanoscale Energy Transfer and Conversion, Oxford Press, ISBN 019515942X, 2005.


  • ​G. Chen, "Nonlocal and Nonequilibrium Heat Conduction in the Vicinity of Nanoparticles," ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 118, pp. 539-545, 1996.
  • G. Chen, "Size and Interface Effects on Thermal Conductivity of Superlattices and Periodic Thin-Film Structures," ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 119, pp. 220-229, 1997.
  • G. Chen, "Thermal Conductivity and Ballistic Phonon Transport in Cross-Plane Direction of Superlattices," Physical Review B., Vol. 57, pp. 14958-14973, 1998.
  • S.G. Volz and G. Chen, “Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Thermal Conductivity of Silicon Nanowires,” Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 75, pp. 2056-2058, 1999.  
  • G. Chen, “Ballistic-Diffusive Heat Conduction Equations,” Physical Review Letters, Vol. 85, pp. 2297-2300, 2001.  
  • B. Yang and G. Chen, “Partially Coherent Phonon Heat Conduction in Superlattices,” Physical Review B, Vol. 67, 195311 (1-4), 2003.
  • R.G. Yang and G. Chen, “Thermal Conductivity Modeling of Periodic Two-Dimensional Nanocomposites,” Physical Review B, Vol. 69, 195316, 2004.
  • C. Dames and G. Chen, “1w, 2w, and 3w methods for Measurements of Thermal Properties,” Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 76, 124902, 2005.
  • M.S. Dresselhaus, G. Chen, M.Y. Tang, R. Yang, H. Lee, D.Z. Wang, Z.F. Ren, J.P. Fleurial, and P. Gogna, “New Directions for Thermoelectric Materials,” Advanced Materials, Vol. 19, pp. 1-12, 2007.
  • L. Hu and G. Chen,  “Analysis of Optical Absorption in Silicon Nanowire Arrays for Photovoltaic Applications,” Nano Letters, Vol. 7, pp. 3249-3252, 2007.  
  • A. Narayanaswamy and G. Chen, “Thermal Near-Field Radiative Transfer between Two Spheres,” Physical Review B, Vol. 77, 075125, 2008.
  • A. Henry and G. Chen, “Spectral Phonon Properties of Silicon Based Molecular Dynamics and Lattice Dynamics Simulations,” Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanosciences, Vol. 5, pp. 141-152, 2008.
  • B. Poudel, Q. Hao, Y. Ma, Y.C. Lan, A. Minnich, B. Yu, X. Yan, D.Z. Wang, A. Muto, D/ Vashaee, X.Y. Chen, J.M. Liu, M.S. Dresselhaus, G. Chen, and Z.F. Ren, “High Thermoelectric Performance of Nanostructured Bismuth Antimony Telluride Bulk Alloys,” Science, Vol. 320, pp. 634-638, 2008.
  • A. Narayanawamy, S. Shen, and G. Chen, “Near–field Radiative Transfer between a Sphere and a Substrate,” Physical Review B, Vol. 78, 115303, 2008.
  • A. Schmidt, M. Chiesa, X.Y. Chen, and G. Chen, “An Optical Pump-Probe Technique for Measuring the Thermal Conductivity of Liquids,” Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 79, 064902, 2008.
  • A. Henry and G. Chen, “High Thermal Conductivity of Single Polyethylene Chains Using Molecular Dynamics Simulations,” Physical Review Letters, Vol. 101, 235502, 2008.
  • S. Shen, A. Narayanaswamy, and G. Chen, “Surface Phonon Polaritons Mediated Energy Transfer between Nanoscale Gaps,” Nano Letters, Vol. 9, 2909-2913, 2009.  
  • J.W. Gao, R.T. Zheng, H. Ohtani, D.S. Zhu, and G. Chen, “Experimental Investigation of Heat Conduction Mechanisms in Nanofluids--- Clue on Clustering,” Nano Letters, Vol. 9, pp. 4128-4132, 2009. 
  • S. Shen, A. Henry, J. Tong, R.T. Zheng, and G. Chen, High Thermal Conductivity Polyethylene Nanofibers,” Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 5, pp.251-255, 2010.
  • A. Bajpayee, T.F. Luo, A. Muto, and G. Chen, “Very Low Temperature Membrane Free Desalination by Directional Solvent Extraction,” Energy and Environmental Science, Vol. 4, pp.1672-1675, 2011.
  • D. Kraemer, B. Poudel, H.-P. Feng, J.C. Caylor, B. Yu, X. Yan, Y. Ma, X.W. Wang, D.Z. Wang, A. Muto, K. McEnaney, Q. Hao, M. Chiesa, Z.F. Ren, and G. Chen, “High-performance flat-panel solar thermoelectric generators with large thermal concentration,” Nature Materials, Vol. 10, pp. 532-538, 2011.
  • G. Chen, “Theoretical Efficiency of Solar Thermoelectric Generators (STEGs),” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 109, 104908, 2011.
  • M. Zebarjadi, G. Joshi, A. Minnich, Y. C. Lan , X. W. Wang , G. H. Zhu, G. Chen, and Z. F. Ren, “Power Factor Enhancement by Modulation Doping in P-type Silicon Germanium Alloy,” Nano Letters, Vol. 11, pp.. 2225-2230, 2011.  
  • J. Minnich, J. A. Johnson, A. J. Schmidt, K. Esfarjani, M. S. Dresselhaus, K. A. Nelson, and G. Chen, “A Thermal Conductivity Spectroscopy Technique to Measure Phonon Mean Free Paths,” Physical Review Letters, Vol. 107, 095901 (1-4), 2011.
  • K. Esfarjani, G. Chen, and H. T. Stokes, “Heat Transport in Silicon from First Principle Calculations,” Physical Review B, Vol. 84, 085204, 2011.
  • R.T. Zheng, J.W. Gao, J.J. Wang, H.P. Feng, H. Ohtani, J.B. Wang, and G. Chen, “Thermal Percolation in Stable Graphite Suspensions” Nano Letters, Vol. 12, 188-192, 2012.
  • A. Mavrokefalos, S. E. Han, S. Yerci, M. S. Branham, and G. Chen, “Efficient Light-trapping in Inverted Nano-Pyramid Thin Crystalline Silicon Membranes for Solar Cell Applications,” Nano Letters, Vol. 12, pp. 2792-2796, 2012.
  • B.L. Liao, M. Zebarjadi, K. Esfarjani, and G. Chen, “Cloaking Core-Shell Nanoparticles from Conducting Electrons in Solids,” Physical Review Letter, Vol. 109, 126806, 2012.
  • M. N. Luckyanova, J. Garg, K. Esfarjani, A. Jandl, M. T. Bulsara, A.J. Schmidt, A.J. Minnich, M.S. Dresselhaus, E.A. Fitzgerald, and G. Chen, “Coherent Phonon Heat Conduction in Superlattices,” Science, Vol. 338, pp.936-939, 2012.
  • Z.T. Tian, K. Esfarjani, and G. Chen, “Enhancing Phonon Transmission across Si/Ge Interface by Atomic Roughness: A First-principles Study with the Green's Function Method”, Physical Review B, Vol. 86, 235304, 2012.
  • J. A. Johnson, A. A. Maznev, J. Cuffe, J. K. Eliason, A. J. Minnich, T. Kehoe, C. M. Sotomayor Torres, G. Chen, K.A. Nelson, “Direct Measurement of Room Temperature Non-diffusive Thermal Transport Over Micron Distance in a Silicon Membrane,” Physical Review Letters, Vol. 110, 025901, 2013.
  • D. Kraemer and G. Chen, “A Simple Differential Steady-State Method to Measure the Thermal Conductivity of Solid Bulk Materials with High Accuracy,” Review Scientific Instruments, Vol. 85, 025108, 2014.
  • S.Y. Lee, K. Esfarjani, T.F. Luo., and G. Chen, “Resonant bonding leads to low thermal conductivity,” Nature Communication, Vol. 5, 3535, 2014.
  • S.W. Lee, Y. Yang, H.-W. Lee, H. Ghasemi, D. Kraemer, G. Chen, Y. Cui, “An electrochemical system for highly efficient harvesting of low-grade heat energy,” Nature Communication, Vol. 5, 3942, 2014.
  • H. Ghasemi, A. Marie Marconnet, G. Ni, and G. Chen, “Solar steam generation by heat localization,” Nature Communication, Vol. 5, 4449, 2014.
  • Y. Yang, S.W. Lee, H. Ghasemi, X.B. Li, D. Kraemer, J. Wang, Y. Cui, and G. Chen, “A Charging-free Electrochemical System for Harvesting Low-grade Heat Energy,” PNAS, Vol. 111, pp. 17011-17016, 2014.
  • K.C. Collins, A.A. Maznev, J. Cuffe, K.A. Nelson, and G. Chen, “Examining Thermal Transport through a Frequency-domain Representation of Time-domain Thermoreflectance Data”, Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol.85, 124903, 2014.
  • L. Ma, J.J. Wang, A. Marconnet, G. McKinley, W. Liu, G. Chen, “Viscosity and Thermal Conductivity of Graphite Suspensions Near Percolation,” Nano Letters, Vol.15, pp.127-133, 2015.
  • B.L. Liao, B. Qiu, J.W. Zhou, S. Huberman, K. Esfarjani, and G. Chen, “Significant Reduction of Lattice Thermal Conductivity by Electron-Phonon Interaction in Silicon with High Carrier Concentrations: a First-Principles Study,” Physical Review Letters, Vol. 114, 115901, 2015.
  • S.Y. Lee, D. Broido, K. Esfarjani, and G. Chen, Hydrodynamic phonon transport in suspended graphene,” Nature Communication, Vol. 6, 6290, 2015.
  • D. Kraemer, J.H. Sui, K. McEnaney, H.Z. Zhao, Q. Jie, Z.F. Ren and G. Chen,Demonstration of High Thermoelectric Conversion Efficiency of MgAgSb-based Material with Hot-Pressed Contacts,” Energy and Environmental Science, Vol. 8 pp.1299-1308, 2015.
  • M.S. Branham, W.-C. Hsu, S. Yerci, and G. Chen, “15.7% Efficient, 10-μm-Thick Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells Enabled by Periodic Surface Light Trapping Structures,” Advanced Materials, Vol. 27, 2182, 2015.
  • B. Qiu, Z.T. Tian, A. Vallabhaneni, B.L. Liao, J.M. Mendoza, O.D. Restrepo, X.L. Ruan, G. Chen, “First-Principles Simulation of Electron Mean-Free-Path Spectra and Thermoelectric Properties in Silicon,” Eurepean Physics Letters, Vol. 109, 57006, 2015.
  • V. Chiloyan, J. Garg, K. Esfarjani, G. Chen, “Near Field Radiative Heat Transfer in Sub-nanometer Regime Using Microscopic Maxwell’s Equations,” Nature Communication, Vol. 6,  6755,  2015.
  • J.K. Tong, X.P. Huang, S.V. Boriskina, J. Loomis, Y.F. Xu, and G. Chen, “Infrared-Transparent Visible-Opaque Fabrics for Wearable Personal Thermal Management,” ACS Photonics," Vol. 2, pp. 769-778, 2015 
  • Y.J. Hu, L.P. Zeng, A.J. Minnich, M.S. Dresselhaus, G. Chen, “Spectral Mapping of Thermal Conductivity through Nanoscale Ballistic Transport,” Nature Nanotechnology, Vol.10, 701–706, 2015.
  • J.W. Zhou, B.L. Liao, B. Qiu, S. Huberman, K. Esfarjani, and G. Chen, “Ab Initio Optimization of Phonon Drag Effect for Lower-temperature Thermoelectric Energy Conversion”, Vol. 111 (48) 17011-17016; 2015.
  • O. Ilic, P. Bermel, G. Chen, J. D. Joannopoulos, I. Celanovic, and M. Soljačić,  “Tailoring ultra-high temperature radiation: the resurrection of the incandescent source,” Nature Nanotechnology,  Vol. 351, 215, 2016.
  • G. Ni, G. Li, S.V. Boriskina, H.X. Li, W.L. Yang, T.J. Zhang, and G. Chen, “Steam Generation under One Sun and Ambient Conditions,” Nature Energy, Vol 1, No.  16126, DOI: 10.1038/NENERGY.2016.126, August 22, 2016.  
  • J.W. Zhou, B.L. Liao, and G. Chen, “First-principles Calculations of Thermal, Electrical, and Thermoelectric Transport Properties of Semiconductors,” Semiconductor Science and Technology, Vol. 31, 043001, 2016.
  • W.-C. Hsu, J.K. Tong, B.L. Liao, Y. Huang, S.V. Boriskina, and G. Chen, “Entropic and Near-Field Improvements of Radiative Cells,” Scientific Report, Vol. 6, No. 34837, DOI: 10.1038/srep34837, 2016.
  • S.V. Boriskina, M.A. Green, K. Catchpole, E. Yablonovitch, M.C. Beard, Y. Okada, S. Lany, T. Gershon, A. Zakutayev, M.H. Tahersima, V.J. Sorger, M.J. Naughton, K. Kempa, M. Dagenais, Y. Yao, L. Xu, X. Sheng, N.D. Bronstein, J.A. Rogers, A.P. Alivisatos, R.G. Nuzzo, J.M. Gordon, DM. Wu, M.D. Wisser, A. Salleo, J. Dionne, P. Bermel, J.J. Greffer, I. Celanovic, M. Soljacic, A. Manor, C. Rotschild, A. Raman, L.X. Zhu, S.H. Fan, and G. Chen, “Roadmap on Optical Energy Conversion,” Journal of Optics, Vol. 17, Article No.  073004, 2016.
  • M.S. Branham, W.-C. Hsu, S. Yerci, B.R. Hoard, A. Ebong, S.E. Han, and G. Chen, “Empirical Comparison of Random and Periodic Surface Light-Trapping Structures for Ultrathin Silicon Photovoltaics” Advanced Photonic Materials, Vol. 4, pp. 858-863, 2016.
  • D. Kraemer, Q. Jie, K. McEnaney, F.Cao, W.S. Sui, L. Weinstein, J. Loomis, Z.F. Ren, and Gang Chen, “Concentrating Solar Thermoelectric Generators with a Peak Efficiency of 7.4%,” Nature Energy, Vol.1, Article No. 16153, DOI: 10.1038/NENERGY.2016.153, 2016.
  • B.L. Liao, A. A. Maznev, M.S. Dresselhaus, K.A. Nelson, and G. Chen, “Photo-excited Charge Carriers Suppress sub-THz Phonon mode in Silicon at Room Temperature,” Nature Communications,  Vol. 7, Article No. 13174, DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13174, 2016.
  • Mingda Li, Qichen Song, Te-Huan Liu, Laureen Meroueh, Gerald Mahan, M. S. Dresselhaus, and Gang Chen, “Tailoring Superconductivity with Quantum Dislocations,” Nano Letters, Vol. 17, pp. 4604-4610, 2017.
  • Yanfei Xu, Xiaoxue Wang, Jiawei Zhou, Bai Song, Jiang Zhang, Elizabeth M. Y  Lee, Sam Huberman, Karen K. Gleason, and Gang Chen, “Molecular engineered conjugated polymer with high thermal conductivity,” Science Advances, eear3031, 2018.
  • Jiawei Zhou, Hangtian Zhu, Te-Huan Liu, Qichen Song, Ran He, Jun Mao, Bolin Liao, David Singh, Zhifeng Ren, Gang Chen, “Large thermoelectric power factor from crystal symmetry-protected non-bonding orbital,” Nature Communications, 9, 1721, 2018.
  • Fei Tian et al., “Unusual High Thermal Conductivity in Boron Arsenide Bulk Crystals”, Science, 361, 582-585, 2018.
  • Thomas Cooper, Seyed Hadi Zandavi, George Ni, Svetlana V. Boriskina, Gang Chen, “Contactless steam generation and superheating under one sun illumination,” Nature Communications, 9, 5086, 2018.
  • M. N. Luckyanova, J. Mendoza, H. Lu, B. Song, S. Huang, J. Zhou1, M. Li, B. J. Kirby, A. J. Grutter, A. A. Puretzky, M. Dresselhaus, A. Gossard, and G. Chen, “Phonon Localization in Heat Conduction,” Science Advances, 4, eeat9460, 2018.

  • Jun Mao, Hangtian Zhu, Zhiwei Ding, Zihang Liu, Geethal Amila Gamage, Gang Chen, and Zhifeng Ren, “High Thermoelectric Cooling Performance of n-type Mg3Bi2-Based Materials,” Science, 365, 495-498, 2019.

  • Yanfei Xu, Daniel Kraemer, Bai Song, Zhang Jiang, Jiawei Zhou, James Loomis, Jianjian Wang, Mingda Li, Hadi Ghasemi, Xiaopeng Huang, Xiaobo Li and Gang Chen, “Plastic Films with High Thermal Conductivity” Nature Communicatons, 10, 1711, 2019.
  • S. Huberman, R. A. Duncan, K. Chen, B. Song, V. Chiloyan, Z. Ding, A.A. Maznev, G. Chen, K. A. Nelson, “Observation of second sound in graphite at temperatures above 100 K,” Science, 364, 375-379, 2019.

  • Ke Chen, Bai Song, Navaneetha K. Ravichandran, Qiye Zheng, Xi Chen, Hwijong Lee, Haoran Sun, Sheng Li, Geethal Amila Gamage, Fei Tian, Zhiwei Ding, Qichen Song, Akash Rai, Hanlin Wu, Pawan Koirala, Aaron J. Schmidt, Kenji Watanabe, Bing Lv, Zhifeng Ren, Li Shi, David G. Cahill, Takashi Taniguchi, David Broido, and Gang Chen, “Ultrahigh thermal conductivity in isotope-enriched cubic boron nitride,” Science, 367, 555-559, 2020.
  • Jiawei Zhou, Hyun D. Shin, Ke Chen, Bai Song, Ryan A. Duncan, Qian Xu, Alexei A. Maznev, Keith A. Nelson, Gang Chen, “Direct observation of large electron-phonon interaction effect on phonon heat transport” Nature Communications, 11, 6040, 2020.

  • Cheng-Gong Han, Xin Qian, Qikai Li, Biao Deng, Yongbin Zhu, Zhijia Han, Wenqing Zhang, Weichao Wang, Shien-Ping Feng, Gang Chen, Weishu Liu, “Giant Thermopower of Ionic Gelatin Near Room Temperature,” Science, 368, 1091-1098, 2020.

  • Simo Pajovic, Yoichiro Tsurimaki, Xin Qian, and Gang Chen, ““Intrinsic non-reciprocal reflectance and violation of Kirchhoff’s law of radiation in planar type-I magnetic Weyl semimetal surfaces” Physical Review B, 102, 165417, 2020.

  • Xin Qian, Jiawei Zhou and Gang Chen, “Phonon-Engineered Materials with Extreme Thermal Conductivity,” Nature Materials, 20, 1188-1202, 2021.

  • Jun Mao, Gang Chen, and Zhifeng Ren, “Thermoelectric Cooling Materials,” Nature Materials, 20, 454-461, 2021.

  • Gang Chen, “Non-Fourier Heat Conduction at the Microscale and Nanoscale,” Nature Review Physics, 3, 555-569, 2021.

  • Zhiwei Ding, Ke Chen, Bai Song, Jungwoo Shin, Alex A. Maznev, Keith A. Nelson, and Gang Chen “Observation of Second Sound in Graphite over 200 K”, Nature Communications, 13, 1-9, 2022.

  • Gang Chen, “Perspectives on Molecular-Level Understanding of Thermophysics of Liquids and Future Directions,” Journal of Heat Transfer, 144, 010801, 2022.

  • Gang Chen, “Donnan Equilibrium Revisited: Coupling between Ion Concentrations, Osmotic Pressure, and Donnan Potential” Journal of Micromechanics and Molecular Physics (JMMP), 7, 127-134, 2022.

  • Gang Chen, “On the Molecular Picture and Interfacial Temperature Discontinuity During Evaporation and Condensation” Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 191, 122845, 2022.

  • Gang Chen, “Thermodynamics of Hydrogel for Applications to Atmospheric Water Harvesting, Evaporation, and Desalination.” Physical Chemistry And Chemical Physics, 24, 12329-12345, 2022.

  • Jungwoo Shin, Geethal Amila Gamage, Zhiwei Ding, Ke Chen, Fei Tian, Xin Qian, Jiawei Zhou, Hwijong Lee, Jianshi Zhou, Li Shi, Thanh Nguyen, Fei Han, Mingda Li, David Broido, Aaron Schmidt, Zhifeng Ren, Gang Chen, “High ambipolar mobility in cubic boron arsenide”, Science, 377, 437-440, 2022.


Selected Patents

  • G. Chen, Z.F. Ren, M.S. Dresselhaus, “Nanocomposites with High Thermoelectric Figure of Merits,” US Patent No. 7,465,871 B2, Dec. 16, 2008. 
  • G. Chen, “Potential Amplified Nonequilibrium Thermoelectric Device (PANTEC),” US Patent No. 8,309,838, November 13, 2012.
  • G. Chen, R.G. Yang, and A. Narayanswamy, “Surface Plasmon Coupled Nonequilibrium Thermoelectric Device,” US Patent No. 7,508,110, March 24, 2009.
  • Z.F. Ren, G. Chen, S. Kumar, and H. Lee, “Thermoelectric Properties by High Temperature Annealing,” US Patent No. 7,591,913, September 22, 2009. 
  • Z.F. Ren; G. Chen; B. Poudel; S. Kumar; W.Z. Wang; Wenzhong; M.S. Dresselhaus; Mildred;  “Methods for synthesis of semiconductor nanocrystals and thermoelectric compositions,” US Patent No. 7,255,846, April 14, 2007.
  • B. Poudel, W.Z. Wang, Z.F. Ren, G. Chen, and M.S. Dresselhaus, “Metal-doped semiconductor nanoparticles and methods of synthesis thereof,” US Patent No. 7,586,003, Sept. 8, 2009.
  • Gang Chen, Xiaoyuan Chen, M.S. Dresselhaus, and Zhifeng Ren, “Solar Thermoelectric Energy Converters,” US Patent No. 8,168,879.
  • Ruiting Zheng, Jinwei Gao and Gang Chen, "Graphite Microfluids", US Patent No. 8,192,643, February, 5, 2012,
  • Anurag Bajpayee, Daniel Kraemer, Andrew Jerome Muto, Gang Chen, John H. Lienhard, and Borivaje B. Mikic, “Water Desalination Using Directional Solvent Extraction,” US Patent 8,119,007 B2, Date of Patent Feb. 21, 2012. 
  • Gang Chen, Christine Junior, and Juergen Koehler, “System and Method for Thermal Process Including a Thermoelectric Heat Pump and Internal Heat Exchanger,” MIT Case No. 13865, August, 2009, Provisional Patent Application Filed.  Utility Patent: USSN 12/950,504 filed November 19, 2010.  Patent allowed, October, 2011. 
  • Hsien-Ping, Gang Chen, Bo Yu, Zhifeng Ren, Shuo Chen, and Bed Poudel, “Metal Deposition Using Seed Layers,” US Patent No. Patent No. 8,580,100, Nov. 12, 2013.
  • Zhifeng Ren, Bed Poudel, Gang Chen, Yucheng Lan, Dezhi Wang, Qing Hao, Mildred Dresselhaus, Yi Ma, Xiao Yan, Xiaoyuan Chen, Xiaowei Wang, Joshi R. Giri, Bo Yu, Ren; “Methods for High Figure-of-Merit in Nanostructured Thermoelectric Materials,” US patent No. 8865995, issued on10/21/2014.
  • Z.F. Ren, J. Yang, X. Yang, Q.Y. He, G. Chen, and Q. Hao, “Thermoelectric Skutterudite Compositions and Methods for Producing the Same,” US patent No. 8883047, issued on 11/11/2014.
  • Zhifeng Ren, Qinyong Zhang, Qian Zhang, and Gang Chen, “Thermoelectric materials and methods for synthesis thereof”, US 9,099,601, August 4, 2015.
  • Mona Zebarjadi, Bolin Liao, Keivan Esfarjani, and Gang Chen, “A Semiconductor with Embedded Nanoparticles Invisible to the Conduction Carriers”, US Patent No. 9,076,712 B2, July 7, 2015.
  • Gang Chen, Erik Skow, and Xiaoyuan Chen, “Polymer Sheets and Other Bodies Having Oriented Chains and Method and Apparatus for Producing Same,” US Patent No. 9,109,846, 2015.
  • Gang Chen, Xiaoyuan Chen, and Ronggui Yang, “Multistage Thick Film Thermoelectric Devices,” US Patent Allowed, 07/12/2016.
  • Gang Chen, Hadi Ghasemi, Amy Marie Marconnet, George Wei Ni,  “Localized Solar Collectors” US Patent No. 9459024, 10/4/2016.
  • Anurag Bajpayee, Gang Chen, Michael Fowler, Kevin Kleinguetl and Stephen Josef Kress, "Water Extraction Using A Directional Solvent,” US patent No. 9428404, 08/30/2016.
  • Gang Chen, Shuo Chen, Weishu Liu, Zhifeng Ren, Hui Wang, Hengzhi Wang and Bo Yu, “Methods of Synthesizing Thermoelectric Materials,” US Patent No. 9306145, 2016.
  • Seok Woo Lee, Yuan Yang, Hadi Ghasemi, Gang Chen and Yi Cui, “Electrochemical Sysems and Methods for Harversting Heat Energy,” US Patent Allowed 2016.